Andrographis (Andrographis paniculata) known for its very bitter taste and detoxifying effects, also referred to as "King of Bitters" and “Bile of the Earth”
Andrographis paniculata & Justicia paniculata
Other Common Names
Indian Echinacea, Green Chireta, Andrographolide & Kalmegh
Main Therapeutic Compounds
Bitter diterpene, lactones, diterpene glucosides & flavonoids
Andrographis Herbal Benefits
Andrographis is traditionally used for its immunity-boosting capabilities to help manage common cold, flu, sore throat and upper respiratory infections. Andrographis contains a compound called 'Andrographolide' which enhances the immune cell's ability to remove cellular debris and encourage tissue repair.
Andrographis is one of the most widely used herbal medicines supporting respiratory health. A study published in 2004 found Andrographis extract effective for managing acute respiratory infections and was statistically more effective than placebo for reducing cold symptoms such as nasal congestion, earache and sore throat.
Andrographis paniculata promotes healthy liver and gallbladder function by increasing bile flow, supporting glutathione production and reducing liver damage. Numerous studies have found Andrograholides as effective as St Mary's Thistle (Silybum marianum) in protecting the liver.
Andrographis Typical Use
Tea & Infusion
5-6 grams steeped in a cup of hot water for 5-10 minutes.
Tincture & Liquid Extract
Typical use of Andrographis tincture is 2.5mls mixed in a small amount of water or juice 1-2 times daily, or as directed by your practitioner.
Cautions & Safety
Not recommended during pregnancy and lactation.
Caution is advised in people with peptic ulcer and hyperacidity.
Andrographis may cause allergic reactions and loss of taste in some people.
If you have a medical condition or take pharmaceutical medications, please consult your primary healthcare practitioner prior to use.
J.T. Coon, E. Ernst: Andrographis paniculata in the treatment of upper respiratory tract infections: a systematic review of safety and efficacy. Planta Medica. 70(4), 2004, 293–298, April.
McGuffin M, Hobbs C, Upton R, Goldberg A, eds. American Herbal Products Association's Botanical Safety Handbook. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, LLC 1997.
Caceres DD, Hancke JL, Burgos RA, et al. Use of visual analogue scale measurements (VAS) to assess the effectiveness of standardized Andrographis paniculata extract SHA-10 in reducing the symptoms of common cold. A randomized, double-blind, placebo study. Phytomedicine 1999;6:217-23
Madav S, Tripathi HC, Tandan SK, et al. Antiallergic activity of andrographolide. Indian J Pharm Sci 1998;60:176-8.
Puri A, Saxena R, Saxena RP, et al. Immunostimulant agents from Andrographis paniculata. J Nat Prod 1993;56:995-9.
Caceres DD, Hancke JL, Burgos RA, Wikman GK. Prevention of common colds with Andrographis Paniculata dried extract: a pilot, double-blind trial. Phytomedicine 1997;4:101-4.
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